Describing the tempo of a piece of music is a little harder than using the words “fast or slow”.
Tempo is a more of a relative term and so in music, we use different Italian terms to describe different speeds.
Below are all the Italian terms used to describe slow tempos and I’ve put a rough BPM (beats per minute) if you want to use a metronome to check the speed.
|Larghissimo||as slow as possible||under 24 bpm|
|Grave||very slow, solemn||25–45 bpm|
|Largo||slowly and broadly||40–60 bpm|
|Larghetto||fairly slow and broadly||60–66 bpm|
|Adagietto||slower than andante||70–80 bpm|
|Andante||at a walking pace||76–108 bpm|
|Andantino||slightly faster than andante||80–108 bpm|
|Marcia moderato||moderately, in the manner of a march||83–85 bpm|
|Moderato||at a moderate speed||108–120 bpm|
Note that the beats per minute are rough indications and there are lots of different opinions.