A Complete Guide To Grade 4 Music Theory

Are you or your child preparing for the ABRSM Grade 4 Music Theory exam? Do you want to build a strong foundation in music theory? Look no further! The Complete Guide to Grade 4 Music Theory is here to help you achieve success.


What This Book Covers

Chapter 1

Regular Time Signatures

Building upon your previous knowledge of time signatures, this chapter delves into every type regular time signatures.

You'll explore compound duple, triple and quadruple meter time signatures, and a new simple meter time signature: 4/8.

Chapter 2

The Alto Clef

Next, this chapter introduces the alto clef and its application in music notation.

You'll learn about alto clef key signatures and how to identify and notate notes in this clef.

Chapter 3

Double Whole Notes And Double Dotted Notes

Exploring some more advanced rhythmic concepts, this chapter covers double whole notes (breves) and double dotted notes.

You'll understand how to notate different rhythms and how these notes give more options when notating rhythm.

Chapter 4


Building upon your knowledge of triplets, this chapter introduces the concept of duplets.

You'll grasp the differences between triplets and duplets and learn how to work with these rhythmic divisions in compound meter time signatures

Chapter 5

Double Accidentals And Enharmonic Equivalents

Delving into advanced notational elements, this chapter covers double accidentals and enharmonic equivalents.

You'll learn when to use double flats and double sharps, and gain a deeper understanding of enharmonic relationships.

Chapter 6

Scales With Up To Five Sharps Or Five Flats

Continuing your exploration of scales, this chapter introduces major and minor scales with up to five sharps or flats.

You'll explore the B Major, Db Major, G# Minor and the Bb Minor scales.

Chapter 7


This chapter provides an in-depth study of intervals.

You'll build upon your knowledge from grade 3 but also learn about augmented and diminished intervals, enhancing your ability to identify and understand interval qualities.

Chapter 8

Technical Names Of Notes In A Scale

Unpacking the technical names of notes within a scale, this chapter explores the roles and names of each degree of the scale.

You'll understand terms like tonic, dominant, mediant, supertonic, subdominant, submediant, and leading note.

Chapter 9

Primary Triad Chords

This chapter introduces primary triad chords and their significance in harmony.

You'll learn to name chords with Roman numerals and explore major and minor key triads.

Chapter 10

The Chromatic Scale

Building upon your understanding of scales, this chapter explores a new type of scale: the chromatic scale.

You'll grasp the concept of whether to use flats or sharps some of the rules of correctly notating them.

Chapter 11


This chapter delves into musical ornaments, including mordents, trills, turns, acciaccatura, and appoggiatura.

You'll learn how these embellishments enhance musical expression and how to interpret what they mean.

Chapter 12

Instruments Of The Orchestra

Exploring the world of orchestral instruments, this chapter introduces standard orchestral instruments and their families.

You'll learn about the string, brass, woodwind, and percussion sections of the orchestra and some of the unique techniques they use.

Chapter 13

Performance Directions

Rounding off the guide, this chapter focuses on the performance directions you need to know at grade four.

You'll explore the Italian and French terms that guide musicians in interpreting dynamics, tempo, and expression.

American And British Terminology

In this download, you get two copies, one with British terms like crotchets and semitones, and another with US terminology like quarter notes and half steps.

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When you purchase, you get instant access through our learning portal. You also get lifetime access to all updates

What Previous Customers Thought

"I love using these study guides with my pupils. Not only informative but laid out very clearly. It works with students of all ages. I’d highly recommend for all teachers and students alike."​

Matt Veria - Teacher, UK

"| really enjoyed using your book. I feel I finally am beginning to understand music theory for the first time. Keep up the good work!"​

Laura Hayes - Student, UK

"Thank you for your excellent resources. I received my results yesterday and achieved 100% on my first exam. Your guides helped me prepare well for my exam, and I was confident and relaxed.

Thank you for your hard work and making music really easy for the rest of us."

Tammy S - Student, South Africa

"A game-changer! The explanations are clear, the examples are practical, and the guide is structured in a way that makes learning enjoyable.

I highly recommend this study guide to any parent or student looking to learn music theory."

Sarah M - Parent, US

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About The Author

Hey, I'm Dan Farrant, the founder of MusicTheoryUniversity.com. I've been teaching music theory for over 15 years now. In that time, I've helped over hundreds of thousands of students navigate the intricacies of this music theory.

I studied my undergraduate at the prestigious Royal Academy of Music. Now, I run this website as well as performing, and teaching all over the world.

From teaching so many students, I've noticed that students face the same challenges when it comes to music theory. So, I've carefully put together this guide to address these challenges, providing a comprehensive resource that guides students through the essential concepts and techniques necessary to succeed in the ABRSM Grade 4 theory exam.

Frequently Asked Questions

Got Questions? We've Got Answers

What Music Theory Syllabus is This for?

This book is specifically written with the ABRSM Grade 4 Music Theory syllabus in mind. But, it's perfect for beginners and will give a good fundamental knowledge of music theory whether you're taking an exam or not.

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Sadly not yet. Currently it's digital download only. This is something that we're looking into for the future. Sign up to our newsletter for updates.

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Absolutely. We offer a 30 day money back guarantee. Just let us know why you don't like it and if we can't make it right, we'll refund you 100%.

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Ready To Master Grade 4 Music Theory?

Are you ready to take your music theory knowledge to new heights and achieve outstanding results in your ABRSM Grade 4 Music Theory exam?

Invest in your musical journey today and gain lifetime access to this invaluable resource.

And to give you complete peace of mind, we offer a 30-day money-back guarantee. If you're not satisfied for any reason, simply let us know, and we'll refund your purchase.